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A D E L E   W I K I

19

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Adele-19-gal
Released January 28, 2008
Length 43:41
Producers Jim Abbiss, Mark Ronson. Eg White
Label XL Recordings, Allido, Columbia Records (US)
Adele chronology
First Demo ← 19 → iTunes Live from SoHo
Singles from 19
  1. "Hometown Glory"
    Released: October 22, 2007
  2. "Chasing Pavements"
    Released: January 11, 2008
  3. "Cold Shoulder"
    Released: April 21, 2008
  4. "Make You Feel My Love"
    Released: October 27, 2008

19deluxeedition
Deluxe edition cover

19 is the debut album by English singer-songwriter Adele. It was released on 28 January 2008, the week after the lead single, "Chasing Pavements", was physically released. It debuted at number one on the UK charts on its first week. Included is a cover of the Bob Dylan song "Make You Feel My Love" from his 1997 album, Time Out of Mind. 19 was inspired by an anonymous ex-boyfriend of Adele's.

BackgroundEdit

In 2006, after recording a demo for a school project, Adele was discovered and signed by XL Recordings. She had already written and recorded "Hometown Glory", "Daydreamer", and "My Same" for her demo, and originally intended to make it her first major release. Despite her intentions, XL didn't want an EP as her first major release under the label. She subsequently began work on a full-length album.

In 2007, Adele provided vocals for Jack Peñate's song, "My Yvonne", for his debut album. During this session she first met producer Jim Abbiss, who would go on to produce the majority of her debut album. Adele continued work on the album throughout 2007. By October of that year, "Hometown Glory" was released as a standalone single under Pacemaker Records, prior to the release of the album.

CompositionEdit

Adele revealed that the majority of the album was inspired by her first proper relationship. When asked about the album, Adele stated:

My debut album is about being between 18 and 19; about love. [...] It’s quite a sad album, [with songs about] being cheated on and not getting what you want. [1]

She further commented on the lyrical inspiration for the album in an interview with Blues & Soul:

It was simply that I got into a relationship that went very sour. And, if I'd been in the same frame of mind as I am when I'm talking to you now - i.e. sober! - I probably wouldn't have written any of it! But yeah, as cheesy as it sounds, I did write to kinda cleanse myself and get it all out of my system really. You know, I hate - I'm actually offended by - literal easy lyrics that have no thought behind them and are purely written because they rhyme. So I do always want my lyrics to be mature and thoughtful. And, while I've personally now stopped listening to my album because I sing it every day, ultimately I do think it is sincere. Apart from 'Hometown Glory', 'Daydreamer' and 'My Same' - which were all written earlier, when I was between 16 and 18 - the whole album is all about one boy. So I was very sad when I wrote it. And I think that genuinely does come through in the music. [2]

In regards to the musical style of the album, Adele revealed that she originally had no idea what she wanted it to sound like:

I had no specific plans for my album. In fact, I still don't know exactly what kind of artist I want to be! You know, for me the album was just about making a record of songs to get a boy off my chest and include all the different kinds of music that I love. So there's pop; there's a bit of electro; there's jazz; there's folk; and of course there's soul... But, at the same time, while there are those obvious elements of soul in my music and certainly in my voice, I never at any stage thought, 'Ooh, I'm gonna be a white soul girl!'! You know, the album genuinely did just come together very naturally and very organically. [2]

The only track on the album that was not an original song was Adele's cover of Bob Dylan's "To Make You Feel My Love", which she recorded on the recommendation of her manager Jonathan Dickins, who loved the song. [3]

TitlingEdit

When asked about the album's title, Adele initially stated that she could not think of another title, but later added on that she felt it "very much" represented her age and felt that she had become "a bit of a woman" at the time of the events inspiring the album and it's composition. She also has indicated that she thinks any album's title (especially a debut album) should be meaningful, and that the album's title is very important. In an interview with Blues & Soul, she discussed the album title more in depth:

[I titled the album 19 because] I couldn't come up with anything else! I always think debut album titles are really important. The best ones for me are Debut by Bjork and Lauryn Hill's Miseducation. They're ones that everyone just knows, that don't make you think too much, and are just quite obvious. And to me this album does very much represent my age. I was only 19 years old when I was writing it, and I just kinda remember becoming a bit of a woman during that time. And I think that is definitely documented in the songs. So, while some people think I was trying to use my age as like a selling-point, I really wasn't at all. You know, when I was signed at 18, I only had three songs to my name. But yet, literally within a month of turning 19, a load more just suddenly came out of me. Which really reflects how I was feeling at that age. [2]

The age-related theme which helped her choose the title for 19 later helped her name her sophomore studio album, 21.

ReceptionEdit

Critical receptionEdit

19 received generally positive reviews from critics. The album holds a 68 out of 100 rating based on 19 critical reviews indicating "generally favorable reviews" from metacritic. The album was nominated for the 2008 Mercury Prize in the category of Best Album. On 3 December 2008, the album spawned four Grammy nominations: Best New Artist, and Record of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "Chasing Pavements". The following year, she received a second consecutive nomination for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, for "Hometown Glory", but lost to "Halo" by Beyoncé. The Guardian gave the album a great review saying "The way she stretched the vowels, her wonderful soulful phrasing, the sheer unadulterated pleasure of her voice, stood out all the more; little doubt that she's a rare singer, which another track first available on her MySpace site, 'Daydreamer', confirmed" they gave the album a five star response. BBC Music gave the album a great review, saying "Pitching up somewhere between blues, folk and jazz, she's included something for everyone without ever pandering to a particular trend. Her melodies exude warmth, her singing is occasionally stunning and, in the dramatic Hometown Glory, the spiky cool of Cold Shoulder (which is unexpectedly reminiscent of Shara Nelson-era Massive Attack) and the piano epic Make You Feel My Love, she has tracks that make Lily Allen and Kate Nash sound every bit as ordinary as they are." However the album also received mixed responses. Uncut said "Allowed this gnarled rock-scribe veteran a measure of scepticism. Adele can certainly sing, but '19' reeks of some A&R trendhound making it his/her biz to sign The New Amy and not resting till s/he's found the right chick from South London to fit the bill". NME gave the album a mixed review saying "Indeed, as ‘19’ reveals itself, it’s clear that the Amy associations are little more than empty mediaspeak without any real weight. Despite the early indicators, there’s precious little on the album that prevents it from collapsing under the weight of its own expectation". People magazine gave the album all four stars, saying "With a knockout voice that's rich and supple, robust and sultry, it's hard to believe that this singer-songwriter is barely out of her teens." Giving the album a B-, Entertainment Weekly remarked that "Adele's songs aren't as sharp as Duffy's...Still, her singing throughout is a thing to behold." Chuck Taylor, in a positive review from Billboard magazine, said that "Adele truly has potential to become among the most respected and inspiring international artists of her generation."

Allmusic gave the album a positive review and said that "Daydreamer", "Chasing Pavements", "Melt My Heart to Stone", and "Right as Rain" were the highlights of the album.

Chart performanceEdit

In the U.S 19 debuted at #56 and remained in the lower ends of the Billboard 200 for many proceeding weeks. After a performance on the U.S show Saturday Night Live it rose to #46 and a week later to #11 with sales of 25,000+ copies sold. In 2009, after winning 2 Grammy Awards, the album rose to a new peak of #10 on the Billboard 200 and total sales reached 843,880, the album is now certified platinum by the RIAA. As of January 2013, the album has sold 2.45 million copies in the United States. As of the week ending 24 April 2011, 19 was No. 1 on the Top Pop Catalog Albums for 9 weeks, making it only the third album by a female artist to top that chart at least that long in the past 20 years. The following week it stayed at No. 1 on that chart, making it the first studio album doing so since Michael Jackson's Thriller 25 was at No. 1 for 11 weeks in 2008. Two months later, it moves up from No. 27 to No. 16 on Billboard 200, topping Top Pop Catalog Albums for a 16th week. Thanks to the upcoming release of Adele's second album 21, 19 could re-enter the German Albums Chart at No. 42 in January 2011. 19 has sold 6 million copies worldwide. In the same week as 21 was released, 19 re-entered the UK album chart at number 4 with sales of 25,419. The following week on 6 February 2011 the album remained on the chart at number 4 with strengthening sales of 27,660. It is currently the second best selling album of 2011 in the UK just behind 21 as it tripled its 2008 seven non-consecutive week long top 10-visit with 21 straight weeks. As of 17 July 2011, 19 has sold 1,594,001 copies in the UK. In Ireland, due to the success of 21, the album returned to its peak position of number three on the week ending 18 March 2011, three years after it originally peaked, just to set a new high at number two the following week and to stay there for six non-consecutive weeks, just behind 21. The album debuted at number 16 on the New Zealand Albums Chart, due to the success of 21 and has peaked at number 3.

Album artworkEdit

Track listingEdit

No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Daydreamer" Adele Adkins Jim Abbiss 3:41
2. "Best for Last" Adkins Abbiss 4:19
3. "Chasing Pavements" Adkins, Eg White Eg White 3:31
4. "Cold Shoulder" Adkins, Sacha Skarbek Mark Ronson 3:12
5. "Crazy for You" Adkins Abbiss 3:28
6. "Melt My Heart to Stone" Adkins, White White 3:24
7. "First Love" Adkins Abbiss 3:10
8. "Right as Rain" Adkins, Leon Michels, Jeff Silverman, Nick Movshon, Clay Holley Abbiss 3:17
9. "Make You Feel My Love" Bob Dylan Abbiss 3:32
10. "My Same" Adkins Abbiss 3:16
11. "Tired" Adkins, White White 4:19
12. "Hometown Glory" Adkins Abbiss 4:31
Taiwan special edition
No. Title Length
13. "Chasing Pavements" (bonus enhanced video)
Japanese edition bonus tracks
No. Title Writer(s) Length
13. "Painting Pictures" Adkins 3:34
14. "Now and Then" Adkins 3:24
15. "That’s It, I Quit, I'm Moving On" (Sam Cooke cover) Del Serino, Roy Alfred 2:12
US limited edition bonus disc
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Right as Rain" (live) Adkins, Leon Michels, Jeff Silverman, Nick Movshon, Clay Holley 3:28
2. "Melt My Heart to Stone" (live) Adkins, White 3:21
3. "My Same" (live) Adkins 3:02
4. "That's It, I Quit, I'm Movin' On" (live Sam Cooke cover) Del Serino, Roy Alfred 2:21
5. "Chasing Pavements" (live) Adkins, White 3:49

2009 Expanded editionEdit

Disc 1
  1. "Daydreamer"
  2. "Best for Last"
  3. "Chasing Pavements"
  4. "Cold Shoulder"
  5. "Crazy for You"
  6. "Melt My Heart to Stone"
  7. "First Love"
  8. "Right as Rain"
  9. "Make You Feel My Love"
  10. "My Same"
  11. "Tired"
  12. "Hometown Glory"
Disc 2 – Acoustic Set Live from Hotel Café, Los Angeles
  1. "Chasing Pavements"
  2. "Melt My Heart to Stone"
  3. "That's It, I Quit, I'm Movin' On" (Sam Cooke cover)
  4. "Crazy for You"
  5. "Right as Rain"
  6. "My Same"
  7. "Make You Feel My Love"
  8. "Daydreamer"
  9. "Hometown Glory"
  10. "Many Shades of Black" – Bonus Track Performed by Adele and The Raconteurs

CutsEdit

There is at least one known song that may have been cut from 19, entitled "Run Away", although it is unknown if this song was cut from 19 or 21. It is rumored to have been planned to be released on 19 due to the song's songwriting credits. "Run Away" was cut for unknown reasons.

SinglesEdit

There were four overall singles released from 19 and one unofficial single. The four singles were released differently in every country; the only song that was released as a single internationally was "Chasing Pavements", her previous best-selling single before being dethroned by "Rolling in the Deep." "Right as Rain" was released as an unofficial single.

ChronologyEdit

United KingdomEdit

  • "Chasing Pavements"
  • "Cold Shoulder"
  • "Hometown Glory"
  • "Make You Feel My Love"

Europe, Australia and JapanEdit

  • "Chasing Pavements"
  • "Cold Shoulder"

Canada and USAEdit

  • "Hometown Glory"
  • "Chasing Pavements"

SpainEdit

  • "Chasing Pavements"

GermanyEdit

  • "Chasing Pavements"

NetherlandsEdit

  • "Chasing Pavements"
  • "Cold Shoulder"
  • "Make You Feel My Love"
  • "Hometown Glory"

BookletEdit

The gallery below is a digital copy of the booklet.

PersonnelEdit

All credits taken from CD Universe. [4]

  • Adele (vocals, guitar)
  • Matt Allchin, Ben Thomas, Michael Tighe (guitar)
  • Neil Cowley (piano, Hammond b-3 organ, Wurlitzer organ)
  • Jason Silver (keyboards)
  • Sam Koppelman (glockenspiel)
  • Tom Driessler (bass guitar, tambourine)
  • Stuart Zender (bass guitar)
  • Seb Rochford, Louis "Kayel" Sharpe, Pete Biggins, Louis Sharpe (drums)
  • Liam Howe (programming)
  • Jack Peñate, Life Gospel Choir (background vocals)

MixingEdit

Release Edit

Region Date Format Label
Europe 25 January 2008
  • CD
  • digital download
XL Recordings
Australia 26 January 2008
United Kingdom 28 January 2008
United States 10 June 2008 Columbia Records
Poland 24 November 2008 XL Recordings
Brazil 6 June 2011 Sony Music
China 13 March 2013 CD 星外星唱片 (Starsing Records)


ReferencesEdit

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